When someone keeps taking the same drug for an extended period, they can develop a stimulant addiction. This type of drug increases alertness and energy levels, but it can also be addictive. Some people start using stimulants after getting a prescription from their doctor. Before long, they can suffer from a dependency on the stimulant.
Specifically What Is Stimulant Addiction?
A stimulant works on the central nervous system. It boosts cognitive function and feelings of alertness. While there are illicit drugs in this group, stimulants can also be a prescription drug. The individual may snort, inject or orally consume the drugs.
Some of the most common stimulants are for attention-deficit hyperactivity disorders. These might include Adderall, Ritalin, Dexedrine, Desoxyn, and Concerta. Stimulants like ephedrine were once appetite suppressants, but they are also used as a stimulant and in meth labs.
Sometimes, people develop a stimulant addiction to illicit drugs like cocaine or meth. These drugs are often used for an intense high and better performance. Like any drug, taking illicit stimulants can lead to an addiction.
What Are the Side Effects?
When someone has a stimulant addiction, their family and friends might notice a few common signs. They might be awake longer than normal or have higher energy levels than normal. The individual may experience a sense of euphoria and talkativeness. While they are taking the stimulant, their appetite may decrease.
Taking a stimulant changes how the mind works. It creates a chemical called dopamine, which causes a feeling of pleasure in the mind. When someone stops taking stimulants, their mind cannot make enough dopamine on its own. Because of this, the individual experiences withdrawal symptoms.
In the short term, the individual may show aggressive, erratic or violent behavior. They may seem restless or hyperactive. The individual may suffer from physical symptoms like sweating, chest pains, headaches, palpitations, vomiting, and high blood pressure. They may develop anxiety, paranoia, hallucinations or psychosis.
The Long-Term Effects
If the individual keeps using stimulants, it can lead to long-term damage. Physically, the individual may suffer from dental problems, heart issues, brain damage, and sexual problems. A stimulant addiction may cause anxiety, panic attacks, depression, delusions or psychosis. Because of the addiction, the individual may suffer from problems at school or at work. They may find it difficult to maintain healthy relationships with their spouse or family members. In severe cases, this addiction can even cause a stroke, coma or death.
What Treatment Options Are Available?
During treatment, patients can get help with addiction education, family counseling, and other programs. Individual, family and group therapy can help the patient learn about their addiction and find coping mechanisms. While dealing with an addiction is not easy, there are treatment centers that can help patients recover.
Some of the best programs offer treatment options such as:
Within a structured, home-like atmosphere, patients can take the first step toward overcoming their stimulant addiction. At Silver Pines Treatment Center, patients get the unique support and holistic care that they need. To begin your journey toward a healthier, happier life, call us today 866-345-2147.