Schedule 5 Drugs [Infographic]

The United States Drug Enforcement Agency has a classification system for all drugs. These five schedules start with schedule 1 drugs, which have the highest potential for addiction. Drugs in schedule 5, however, have the least potential for addiction. Nonetheless, abuse of these schedule 5 drugs can lead to severe side effects, abuse and addiction.

DXM/Cough Syrup

DXM is short for dextromethorphan, the main ingredient in cough syrups like Robitussin AT. While the dangers of codeine-containing cough syrups are well documented, medications with DXM are easier to come by. However, sipping these cough syrups can still be incredibly problematic.

The potential for abuse is high, and Robitussin AT is addictive in large quantities. The side effects get worse when users consume the mixture in combination with alcohol, which is a common practice.

Anti-Diarrhea Medications

It surprises many people to learn that many anti-diarrheal medications contain opiates. Opioid drugs are naturally constipating, so it shouldn’t come as a shock to learn this fact. What may be surprising is that anti-diarrhea medications like Lomotil can be addictive.

In large doses, Lomotil can act in the same way as an opioid painkiller. While few people develop opioid addictions just by taking this medication, some who already struggle with opioid abuse will take large doses of the drug.

Nerve Pain Medications

Pregabalin, which also goes by the brand name Lyrica, is a medication that prevents seizures and anxiety. More commonly, physicians prescribe it for those with severe or chronic nerve pain. Taking Lyrica can relieve nerve pain, and it can also cause a pleasant or euphoric sensation.

Some people abuse Lyrica just to enjoy that sensation or to relax. Over time, a tolerance can build. That means users take increasing amounts of Lyrica can develop a dependence.

Medications to Treat Epilepsy

Ezogabine is one example of a prescription medication that can treat epilepsy and limit seizures. However, the drug is habit-forming. Users should only take Ezogabine when a physician prescribes it, and they should never increase dosage independently. Overcoming an addiction to Ezogabine can be very challenging.

Antihistamines

Although most people think of antihistamines as harmless, some antihistamine solutions such as Phenergan have the potential for abuse. Users often consume Phenergan in purple drank, which means they mix it with soda and ice and then sip it slowly for hours. This is addictive, and it can lead to sedative-like side effects.

Addiction Recovery for Schedule 5 Drugs

Schedule 5 drugs can be addictive, and addiction recovery treatment may be necessary if you become dependent on them. At Silver Pines Treatment Center in Hazleton, Pennsylvania, you can fight back against addiction once and for all. Call 866-345-2147 to take the first steps toward overcoming prescription drug addiction today.